Richard F. Kief
Tracy F. Wadley
ADVANCED DRAINAGE SYSTEMS, INC.
ADS WORLDWIDE, INC.
ADS STRUCTURES, INC.
ADS VENTURES, INC.
ADS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
HANCOR HOLDING CORPORATION
MEDIA PLUS, INC.
HANCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
SPARTAN CONCRETE, INC.
SEWER TAP, INC.
ADVANCED DRAINAGE OF OHIO, INC.
Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner, LLP
An improved lateral pipe connection assembly that effects proper alignment of the lateral connection and restricts to the desired amount the penetration of the hub into the cored hole of the mainline pipe to which it is connected.
This invention pertains to what is known as a service connection between a main wastewater or storm water pipe and a lateral connecting pipe.
Gravity-type pipe conveyance systems for waste or storm water generally include a mainline pipe or conduit to which service lateral pipes are connected. Many applications call for the connection of the lateral pipes to be made such that the lateral is perpendicular to the mainline pipe. Such connections are often referred to as Tee connections or service connections. Alternatively, the service lateral pipe can be connected at an angle (although with the long axis intersecting the long axis of the mainline pipe) and is thus designated, for example, as a Wye or 45-Degree service connection.
Service connections require a hole to be cored through the sidewall of the mainline pipe. The diameter of the cored hole is made slightly larger than the diameter of the service lateral pipe, which has a smaller diameter than the mainline pipe.
One effective service connection system is available from Inserta Fittings Inc., the assignee of the present application (www.insertatee.com) and marketed under the trademark INSERTA FITTINGS. That system comprises a three-piece service connection that is compression fit, without special tooling, into the hole that is cored through the wall of a wastewater or storm water mainline pipe. The three-piece service connection consists of a substantially rigid, cylindrical, hollow hub, one end of which fits into an elastomeric sleeve. The sleeved hub end is compression fit into the cored hole in the mainline pipe. A stainless steel band is fastened around the sleeve to secure it to the hub. The exposed end of the hub defines a conventional bell component of a bell and spigot joint, and receives the spigot end of the service lateral that is to be connected. This type of service connection may be used with any of a wide variety of pipe types (concrete, PVC, corrugated, etc).
In some instances the cored hole in the mainline pipe is not properly formed. As a result, the central axis of the hole does not intersect the long axis of the mainline pipe. Consequently, the misaligned hole made in the sidewall of the mainline pipe will be oblong rather than circular. This may result in attendant misalignment of the service connection with the mainline pipe, hence misalignment of the service lateral.
It is also possible for an installer to apply excessive axial force on the service lateral pipe when fitting the spigot end of that pipe into the connection hub. In such an instance, and especially where the cored hole is not quite circular, the excessive force may cause an undesirable amount of penetration of the sleeved end of the hub into the mainline pipe, which can result in interference with the operation and/or inspection of the mainline pipe.
The present invention is directed to an improved lateral pipe connection assembly that effects proper alignment of the lateral connection and restricts to the desired amount the penetration of the hub into the cored hole of the mainline pipe.
The service lateral pipe connection assembly 20 (hereafter referred to as service connection ) is shown in
With reference to
In this embodiment, where the connection is made to a relatively thin-walled pipe 22 the outermost end of the sleeve 24 is also provided with a resilient rib 32 that is compressed or folded and moved through the cored hole 30 as the sleeve is inserted. Once inside of the pipe 22 the rib 32 resiles or unfolds and bears against the inner wall of the pipe to resist removal of the sleeve from the hole. The rib 32, like the stop 26, extends around the sleeve in a sinusoidal path.
Once the sleeve 24 is seated within the cored hole 30 of the pipe 22, the inner end 34 of the rigid, cylindrical hub 35 is inserted into the sleeve. Preferably, the hub 35 is made of lightweight, sturdy, incompressible material, such as PVC.
The outside diameter of the inner end 34 of the hub 35 is slightly larger than the inside diameter of the sleeve 24 so that the sleeve stretches slightly to snugly fit over the hub. The innermost end of the hub is tapered 36 to facilitate insertion of the hub into the sleeve. When the hub inner end 34 is fully inserted into the sleeve 24 and the sleeved end of the assembly inserted into the cored hole, the sleeve is compressed by the wall of the hub (see FIG. 4) against the edge of the hole 30 in the pipe 22, thereby sealing the connection between the sleeved hub and pipe.
As noted earlier, the exposed end 38 of the hub 35 (
With particular reference to
When the hub 35 if fully inserted in the sleeve 24, the shoulder leading edge 42 bears against the interior of the sleeve 24 in a manner such that an axial, installation force applied to the hub, as depicted by arrow F in
The seating provided by the interaction of the shoulder 42 and stop 26 as just described effects proper alignment of the hub 35 (hence, the lateral pipe) in the hole 30, and prevents undesired excessive penetration of the hub into the cored hole 30 of the pipe, which might occur, as noted above, in instances where the hole 30 is not properly formed and/or excessive axial force is applied to the connected lateral service pipe.
A pair of optional, diametrically opposed bosses 44 (
Moreover, the relatively greater extent of projection of the bosses 44 from the outer surface of the hub 35 causes a relatively tight engagement with the elastomeric sleeve 24, thereby restricting the inadvertent removal of the sleeve 24 from the hub 35 should the hub or connected lateral pipe be pulled slightly (away from the mainline pipe 22) during the connection process.
When the sleeved hub 35 is properly fit into the hole 30 in the mainline pipe, a simple stainless steel band 50 is tightened (using a fastener as shown at 52) around the outer end of the sleeve to secure the sleeve and hub.
While the foregoing description was made in the context of a preferred embodiment, it is contemplated that modifications to that embodiment may be made without departure from the invention as claimed. For example, the shoulder 40 may be a separate piece that is fastened to the separately manufactured hub. Also, the shoulder need not be a continuous member but could instead be made up of a few discrete projecting portions extending along the same sinusoidal path defined by the continuous version of the shoulder.