US 3520076: "July 14, 1970 to 16 A-6 29 r- 140 4A19 5-4 FIC.2 1. vi. NICHOLS FOa EXRTHMOVING 1967 Filed J'all 51 -- (OCR)"

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Patent Overview

Patent Title: July 14, 1970 to 16 A-6 29 r- 140 4A19 5-4 FIC.2 1. vi. NICHOLS FOa EXRTHMOVING 1967 Filed J'all 51 -- (OCR)
Patent Number: 3520076 Filing Date: Jan 01, 0001
Application Number: Issue Date: Jul 14, 1970
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Referenced By:

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Patent Number Issue Date Title Author
4550513 Nov 05, 1985 Replaceable wear-edge router bit Rasmussen, Robert
4753299 Jun 28, 1988 Grader blade assembly and pick therefor Meyers, Thomas A.
5491915 Aug 10, 1993 Locking pin apparatus Robinson, Howard W.
6574891 Jun 10, 2003 Excavation bucket incorporating an impact actuator assembly Ireland, Odin; Cote, Claude
4501079 Feb 26, 1985 Two piece cutting edge construction Hahn, Frederick C.; Jones, Larren F.
4625439 Dec 02, 1986 Excavating tooth retaining means Johansson, Arne; Larsson, Torsten
4055223 Oct 25, 1977 Corner tooth assembly for an earthmoving implement having a hollow rearward portion Casey, Thomas P.; Hansen, Howard A.; Klett, Gene R.; Olthoff, James A.
4748754 Jun 07, 1988 Shovel for an excavator Schwappach, Dieter
5074062 Dec 24, 1991 Method of replacing a worn excavating tooth point Hahn, Frederick C.; Yoresen, Kirk E.; Fewless, William A.; Emrich, Robert K.; Secrist, Michael J.
4249326 Feb 10, 1981 Router bit Merkel, Russell D.
5813474 Sep 29, 1998 Plow blade Manway, Terry A.
5233770 Aug 10, 1993 Locking pin apparatus Robinson, Howard W.
4238896 Dec 16, 1980 Cutting edge assembly for a loader bucket Lanz, William E.; Stepe, Visvaldis A.
6460276 Oct 08, 2002 Excavation bucket incorporating an impact actuator assembly Ireland, Odin; Cossette, Robert
7159344 Jan 09, 2007 Plow moldboard assembly having multiple ground engaging blades Karhi, Kevin
6922924 Aug 02, 2005 Plow cutting edge Jones, Jayson D.; Smith, Jeff J.
4047312 Sep 13, 1977 Corner tooth assembly Stepe, Visvaldis A.
5152088 Oct 06, 1992 Excavating tooth point and method of replacement Hahn, Frederick C.
5361520 Dec 10, 1993 Locking pin apparatus Robinson, Howard W.


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July 14, 1970 to 16 A-6 29 r- 140 4A19 5-4 FIC.2 1. vi. NICHOLS FOa EXRTHMOVING 1967 Filed J'all 51 -- 13 FIG 57 37 136 38 33 5'7 AO A-7 4 i6 4 42 29 Ft(; 4 22 62 63 60 61 3 3,52OiO76 16 A.-7 58 3 FIC;. 3 39 1 55 33 Z 7 -21 57 Z5 23 8 40 5 4.2- INVENTOR IR\IIN W. NICPW, BY ATTORNE)

'United States Patent Office 3,520,076 3,520,076 BLADE ARRANGEMENT FOR EARTHMOV.ING EQUIPMENT Irvin H. Nichols, Auburn, Calif. (4040 Badillo Circle, Apt. 87, Baldwin Park, Calif. 91706) Filed July 5, 1967, Ser. No. 651,245 Int. Cl. E02f 9128 U.S. Cl. 37-141 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An earth-engaging blade arrangement including a member having a portion to engage th-- earth and a plurality of portions projecting from one edge thereof for receipt in recesses in a supporting member and held by drive pins, said projecting portions tapering in thickness outwardly from said edge, the earth-engaging surface of the blade projecting laterafly outwardly of the surface of the supporting member. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention This invention relates to blade devices for earthmoving equipment. The prior art For earthmoving equipment, the earth-enga,@ing elements, such as blades, teeth, router bits or the like, are made as removable elements in order that they may be replaced after they have been worn. For many jobs, frequent blade replacement is required, resulting in downtime of the equipment and expensive labor costs in the removal and installation operations. Securing the earthengaging elements by bolts is unsatisfactory in that installing and removing these elements then becomes particularly time- consuming and costly. Not only is it laborious to attach the bolts, but generally they cannot be loosened but must be cut off after a period of service. Considerable saving may be realized if the blade device is especially made for quick attachment and removal through the utilization of special support adapters and unthreaded drive pin fasteners. An example of this is illustrated in my prior Pat. No. 3,160,967 in which the blade is provided with wedge-shaped recesses which receive complemenary projecting portions of an adapter to be h--Id in place by transversely extending drive pins. It is a much simpler operation to fit the blade onto the projecting adapter and secure it with the drive pins than previous designs. Removal is correspondin,-Iy made an easier and faster operation. However, with this construction, a problem can be encountered as the blade wears during the use of the equipment. Blades may wear quite rapidly, but for economy should be used to the maximum extent of their lives. As the blade of this patent is used, it is possible to wear through the wall of the blade at the recess that receives the projecting siippol,t element. When that occurs, the support then pr,esents a portion of the surface engaged by the earth, and is itself subjected to wear as the equipment is used. The reslilt is the necessity for a slow and expensive replacement of the supporting device. An additional problem is encountered with scrapei-s, which conventionally inrlude a transverse blade in the unit, adjacent either end of which is positioned a router bit. The latter elements are vertically positioned and provide a smooth cut of the earth at the ends of the area engaged by the blade. This materially reduces the wear at the side portions of the scraper. These router bits not only have been difficlilt to remove and- replace, Patented July 14, 1970 2 but also have been prone to damage during use of the scraper. They are carried by the sidewalls of the scraper and spaced sli-htly outwardly of the ends of the blade. Hence, they are without lateral support and can be de- flected inwardly when an unyielding object is encountered d--,rin- use of the scraper. Frequently, these inward side loads cause breakage of the router bits. Even more serious, they may bend the sidewall of the scraper inwardly so ttiat the front openin.- is distorted and the gate no 10 longer may be closed for retaining the earth within the scraper body. When this occurs, the scraper is immobi- lized until jacks can be applied to the scraper walls to bend them back to their original contours. Obviously, a gain, there is a loss of operating time and a si.-nificant 15 expense involved. SUMMARY OF THE liNVENTION The present invention provides an arran,-ement for re- 20 movable earth-engaging elements avoiding the difficulties outlined above. Blades of various types constructed in accordance with this invention are readily installed and removed, yet the danger of wearin,- the supporting device is avoided. In this arrangement, the blade element 25 is provided with a wed.-c-shaped projecting portion which extends into a recess in the supporting member carried by the earthmoving equipment. Thus, no recessed portion is included in the blade, and the support is remote from the part (>f the blade that contacts the earth. 30 Consequently, it is possible to wear the blade completely without danger of damage to the supporting member. There is no wall of the blade to be worn through to give access to the support. More of the earth-engaging member may be allowed to wear away before a replace- 35 ment is necessary. Preferably, the surface of the supporting member is displaced laterally inwardly of the surface of the member that en,@a.-es the earth. This means that, as the earth passes back to the area of the supporting member, the 40 pressure is relieved and looser material contacts the support. This further minimizes the possibility of wear of the support mernber. For vertically suspended blade elements, such as router bits for scrapers, a rib is included along the bit sur- 45 face. The rib is positioned closely adjacent the edge of the scraper blade, so that the rib and blade effectively back up the router bit and provide it with lateral support. Inward loads on the router bit, therefore, do not damage either the bit or the sidewall of the scraper. 50 The rib is inclined, so that engagement with the blade edge will be assured, regardless of the make of scraper and variations in blade positioning. Ribs may be provided on both sides of the router bit, so that they are 55 usable at either end of the scraper blade, and it is- unnecessary to provide right-and left-hand parts. An object of this invention is to provide an improved arrangement for removable earth-en@agin- elements of earthmoving equipment. 60 Another object of this invention is to provide an earth- a@ n@ device with a greater cacapity for wear. eng i @ Yet another object of this invention is to provide an earth-enga.-ing blade device that is easily and rapidly installed and removed. 6- A further object of this invention is to provide a blade, bit or the like where the possibility of wear of the supporting device is minimal. An additional object of this invention is to provide full lateral support for a router bit or the like to proo tect the bit and equipment with which it is associated from damage. A still further object of this invention is to provide

3 a router bit or the like which is usable on either side of a scraper or other item of earthmoving equipment. These and other objects will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanyin., drawing. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. I is a fragmentary perspectice vidw of a scraper incorporating the invention. FIG. 2 is an enlarger fragmentary elevational view of the lower forward comer portion of the scraper; FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2; FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the router bit, adapter support and drive pins; and FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 1 showing the attachment of the blade. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As shown in the drawing, the arrangement of this invention is used in conjunetion with a scraper 10 of otherwise conveiitionial construction. The scraper includes spaced sidewalls 11 and 12 extending vertically fro@m the opposite edges of a bottom wall 13, thereby defining the bo,wl for receiiiing earth as the scraper is in operation. Extending transversely of the machine at the forward edge of the bottom wall 13 is a blade assembly 15. A router bit assembly 16 is located at the forward corner of each of the sidewalls 11 and 12. Each router bit assembly 16 includes an adapter support 18 and a generally flat router bit or blade 19. The adapter 18, wbich is secured to the lower forward corner of the sidewall by suitable means, such as, welding, includes recesses that receive projecting portions of the router bit 19. In the embodiment ilIListrated, there are two elongater recesses 20 and 21 into which fit pr(yjections 22 and 23 of the router bit. The recesses 20 and 21 are substantially wedge-shaped tapering inwardly from their larger open ends 24 and 25 to their inner edges 26 and 27. There is also some inward convergence of the side edges of the recesses 20 and 21. A strengthening web 28 is interposed between the recesses 20 and 21. When assembled, the projections 22 and 23 are substantially @omplementarily received in the recesses 20 and 21. Openings 29 and 30 are provided transversely in the adapter, extending across the recesses 20 and 21. Similar openings 31 and 32 are included in the projections 22 and 23 of the router bit 19. When the projections 22'and 23 are inserted into the recesses 20 and 21, drive pins 33 are extended thro,ugh the openings in the adapter and the router bit to hold the router bit to the adapter. The drive pins 33 are compressible transversely, each including rigid elongated portions 35 and 36 of steel interconnected by a core 37 of rubber. When the drive pins are extended through the openings, the resilient layers 37 are compressed, and the drive pins fit snugly within the openings, @firmly holding the parts in the assembled relationship. Extending the length of the router bit 19 along both sides at the top portion adjacent the projertions 22 and 23 are lands 38 and 39. These are connected through convergent walls 40 and 41 to the principal surfaces 4Z and 43 of the router bit. When installed, the forward edge 44 of the ro,,iter bit inclines downwardly and toward the rear, or to the right as the device is shown, while the rearward edge 45 is substantially vertical. The bottom edge 46 extends substantially horizontally between the lower extremities of the forward and rearward edges 44 and 45. Along the intermediate portions of the principal surfaces 42 and 43 of the router bit 19; are ribs 47 and 48. These ribs extend from the lands 38 and 39 to chamfered cdges 49 and 50 that interconnect the bottom edge 46 of the router bit. The ribs 47 and 48 are inglined downwardly and to the rear, or to the right as the device is shown. The ribs include outer surfaces 51 and 52, which 3y520)076 4 are parallel and spaced apart the same distance as that between the lands 38 and 39. The side edges of the ribs 47 and 4@8 are divergent laterally from the outer edges 51 and 52 to the lines of joinder with the princip,al surfaces 42 and 43. 5 The blade assembly 15 is made up of a plurality of individual blade elements 54, which incline forwardly and downwardly from the bottom wall 13 of the scraper bowl. When the router bits 19 are attached to their support 10 adapters 18, they are located alongside the end edges of the outermost blades 54 of the blade assembly 15. The in side rib of each router bit becomes positioned almost in contact with the adjacent blade edge. Thus, as seen in FIG. 3, the surface 52 of the rib 48 nearly touches the 15 outer end edge 55 of the adjacent scraper blade element 54. Because the rib 48 inclines downwardly and to the rear, while the blade unit 54 inclines downwardly and forwardly, the rib and blade cross, so that it is assured that some portion of the rib will overlap the end edge 20 55 of the blade. This provides lateral support for the router bit during use of the earthmoving equipment. Laterally inwardly directed forces on the router bit will be transmitted through the rib 48 and its surface 52 to the end 55 of the adjacent 25 blade 54. Therefore, the blade is able to take out the side loads on the router bit. This is true even tbough the principal surface 43 of the router bit in the conventional manner is spaced from the end of the blade. With the lat- eral support afforded by the rib 48, the router bit will 30 not become damaged or broken from forces pressing it inwardly. Neither will the sidewall 12 of the scraper suffer ill effects frorn guch forces. Therefore, the life of the router bit is increased over conventional designs, and dam- age to the scraper is avoided. 35 In the same manner, the router bit 19 on the opposite side of the scraper also is supported against laterally in- ward forces and will not become broken nor perinit the sidewall of the scraper to become bent. The other router bit 19, however, is supported on its rib 47, which on that 40 side of the scraper is located adjacent the end of the blade assembly. The rib 47 crosses over the blade, so that engagement is assured. Thus, by having a rib on either side, the router bit becomes usable on either side of the scraper. It is not necessary to provide special right- and left-hand router bits 45 because of this. Optionally, however, single reinforring ribs may be provided while sacrificing the advantage of interchangeability at the two sides of the machine. The rearward inclination given to the ribs 47 and 48 assures that they will be in juxtaposition with the blades 50 of different makes of scrapers. There is some variation in the positioning of the blades on different scraper constructions, but, iby having a rearward inclination, in all instances the rib will be adjacent the blade and will transmit inward forces from the router bit to the blade. 55 The lands 38 and 39 on the router bit 19 are spaced apart a greater distance than that between the opposite surfaces 57 and 58 of the support 18. This means that, when the router bit is installed, the land on the inner side projects inwardly beyond the surface of the support. As 60 seen in FIG. 3, the land 39 projects inwardly beyond the surface 58 of the adjacent support 18, while on the opposite side of the scraper the land 38 extends inwardly beyond the surface of the support. This is to relieve the pressure against the inner surface of the support 18 as the 65 scraper is in use. The land 39! deflects the earth away from the surface 58 and relieves the pressure above the router bit, so that any earth that moves alongside the support will be looser. This minimizes the wear on the support 18. The surface 58 of the support is hardened to further re- 7o duce the likelihood of wearing of the support element. Virtually, the entire lower blade portion of the roiiter bit 19 may be worn away before it is necessary to replace this element. No damage to the support 18 will occur, as the support is not associated with any of the exposed por- 75 @tion of the router bit. Therefore, no matter how severely

375207076 5 the outer portions of the router bit are worn, there will be no effect upon the support. When it is time for removal of a worn router bit 19, the pins 33 simply are driven out of their openings in the support and the router bit projections, allowing the router bit to be pulled free. Thus, removal is accomplished very easily and rapidly. New router bits are installed by extending the projections into the wedge-shaped openings and replacing the drive pins 33. The entire ope@ration takes only a short time and only a brief interruption in the service of the scraper. The individual blade elements 54 of the scraper are secured to the machine in an arrangement similar to that for the router bits. There is a support member 60 for each of the blade units, provided with wedge-shaped recesses 61 for receiving generally complementary projections 62 of the blade. Openings 63 in the support and 64 in the blade projection 62 receive drive pins 65 that secure the elements in the assembled position. The pins 65 may be similar to the pins 33 described above. With this construction, therefore, the blade elements 54 may be worn completely without risk of damaging the support 60. The support 60 is entirely beyond the outer section of the blade so that, no matter how much of the blade is worn away, there will be no effect upon the support. The parts are proportioned so that the upper surface 66 of the blade 54 projects laterally above the upper surface 67 of the support. This relieves the pressure by the earth against the supporting element to minimize any tendency to wear the support. Thus, the compaction of the earth is relieved as it passes from the surface 66 to the lower surface 67 so that the earth is looser and provides less wearing force as it moves inwardly into the scraper body. The surface 67 preferably is hardened to further reduce the wear of this element. Blade removal and installation is a simple operation involving merely the driving out of the pins 65 and removal of the blade extensions from the recesses 61, followed by the introduction of a new blade and replacement of the drive pin. Again, therefore, little time is lost in the removal and replacement of the earth-engaging element. This type of supporting arrangement may be used for other iblades or the like and is not restricted to scrapers. The supporting member should have at least two reci.-sses for the receipt of projecting portions from the blade element, with larger blades usually employing three. This increases the strength of the unit by resulting in transverse web portions between the adjacent recesses. These prevent the recessed support from being opened up and distorted outwardly as would occur from the use of a single large elongated recess. The foregoing detailed description is to be clearly understood as giv en by way of illustration and example only, the spirit and scope of this invention being limited solely by the appended claims. I claim: 1. An earth-cutting device comprising: a generally flat elongated member having opposite longitudinally extending outer edges and opposite principal surfaces, said member having a support portion adjacent the first of said outer edges, and a blade portion adjacent the second of said outer edges, said support portion having an inner part of relatively large thickness and being of relatively smaller thickness at said first outer edge, whereby said support portion tapers from said inner part toward said first outer edge and is of a generally wedge-shape, said member having a first pair of elongated enlargements providing ribs extending longitudinary of said member adjacent said inner part of 6 said support portion and intermediate said blade portion and said support portion, one of said ribs extending outwardly from either principal surface of said member, said ribs being in opposite alignment with each other, said ribs baving a greater combined thickness tha,n said thickness of said inner part of said support portion, 10 said member having a second pair of elongated enlargements, one of said second pair of elongated enlarge- ments projecting outwardly from either principal surface of said member, 15 said second pair of elongated enlargements being in opposite alignment with each other, said second elongated enlargements connect- ing to said first elongated enlargements at 20 an acute angle and extending across said blade portion to said second outer edge of said member. 2. A device as recited in claim I in which: said second elongated enlargements connect to said 25 first elongated enlargements intermediate the ends of said first elongated enlargements, and said second elongated enlargements extend to said second outer edge intermediate the ends of said second outer edge. 30 3. A device as recited in claim 2 in which said biade portion has opposite ends, said blade portion being substantially of no greater thickness at said opposite ends than it is inwardly of said opposite ends. 4. A device as recited in claim 3 in which each of said 35 first elongated enlargements includes a side surface inclined toward said second outer edge, said side surfaces of said first pair of elongated enlargements being thereby convergent toward said second outer edge. 5. In combination with an item of earthmoving equip- 40 ment having spaced upstanding sidewalls, a bottom wall extending transversely between said sidewalls, and a blade at one edge of said bottom wall arranged transversely relative to said sidewalls, said blade being inclined downwardly and presenting an end surface adjacent each of 45 said sidewalls, said end surfaces extending below said sidewalls and being inclined downwardly, a router bit arrangement for said item of earthmoving equipment comprising: a pair of generally flat members, 5o each of said members having opposite longitudinal edges and opposite principal surfaces, each of said members having: a support portion adjacent the first of said longitudinal edges, and a cutting portion 55 ad acent the second of said longitudinal edges, and means attaching said support portion to said sidewalls, each of said members including: 60 a first pair of elongated enlargements defining a rib along either principal surface of said member, said ribs being in opposite alignment with each other and extending in adjacency 65 and below the lower edge of the adjacent one of said- sidewalls, and a second pair of elongated enlargements, said second pair of elongated enlargements being in opposite alignment with 70 each other, one projecting outwardly from either principal surface of said member, said second enlargements extending from said first eniargements to the second 75 of said outer edges, and being inclined

7 in the opposite direction from the inclination of said end surfaces so that said second enlargements cross said end surfaces, one of said second enlargements of each of said members facing and being in juxtaposition with one of said end surfaces for providing support for said member against laterally inwardly directed forces. 6. A device as recited in claim 5 in which said second enlargements connect to said first enlar.-ements intermediate the ends of said first enlargements, ind extend to said second outer edge intermediate the 6nds of said second outer edge. 7. A device as recited in claim 6 in which said support portion tapers in thickness from a relati-vely thick portion adjacent said first elongated members to a relatively thin portion at said first outer edge, wh@reby said support portion is generally wedge- shaped, said sidewalls including means defining a recess generally complementar"y receiving said support portion, said support portion and said means defining a recess,including apertures therethrough, and including pin means extending through said 3)5201076 apertures for providing said means for attaching said support portion to said sidewall. 8. A device as recited in claim 7 in which said relatively thick portion of said support portion is thinner tha-,i the combined thicknesses of said first elon.-ated enlargements. 5 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,776,676 9/1930 Bauer --------------- 37-142 10 1,777,222 9/1930 Pierce -------------- 37-142 1,918,841 7/1933 Finkl ---------------- 37- 142 2 702,490 2/1955 Launder -------- : 37-142 XR 2:831,275 4/195@8 Kimsey et al - -------- 37-141 2,919,506 1/1960 Larsen -------------- 37-142 15 3,032,901 5/1962 Dils ---------------- 37-141 3,160,967 12/1964 Nichols -------------- 37- 141 3,277,592 10/1966 Launder et al - -------- 37-142 EDGAR S. BURR, Primary Examiner 20 U.S. Cl. X.R. 172-777

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